The second-largest ossuary in all of Europe
An estimated 50 thousand people buried here
Visit enriched by music by Miloš Štědroň
In connection to the decision by the National Security Council regarding the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the Brno underground (the Labyrinth under Vegetable Market, Ossuary at the Church of St James, and Mint Master’s Cellar) will be closed until further notice. Refunds for purchased tickets can be arranged by contacting Zuzana Schmidtová (firstname.lastname@example.org). Thank you for your understanding.
After Paris, Brno has the second-largest ossuary in Europe
The number of people buried here is estimated to exceed 50,000. There was a churchyard at the Church of St James (the site is now Jakubské náměstí, or St James Square) as early as the beginning of the 13th century. Like many other churchyards, its establishment within the city walls later prevented its extension. The churchyard capacity quickly became insufficient for the needs of the growing city, and a special system of burial had to be adopted in which graves were opened 10 to 12 years after burial and the remnants were removed to make room for another body in the grave. The remnants from the original graves were moved to special underground areas, called ossuaries. These also quickly filled up due to frequent plague and cholera epidemics. The reforms introduced by Joseph II in 1784 resulted in churchyards being closed down for hygienic reasons. The remnants from the graves were moved into a crypt, the churchyard wall was torn down, the area around the church was paved with the former headstones, and the ossuary was gradually forgotten.
Today, the Ossuary at the Church of St James is an attraction for tourists as well as a place of reverence. The tour is very impressive thanks in part to music composed especially for this place.
Nearest stop of public transport: Náměstí Svobody
Similar places nearby
Labyrinth Under the Vegetable Market (Labyrint pod Zelným trhem)
Just 212 steps down to enter the labyrinth’s winding passages
Mint Master’s Cellar (Mincmistrovský sklep)
A lesson on the history of minting is presented in a cellar
Church of St James (Kostel sv. Jakuba)
One of the country’s most valuable late Gothic buildings