Moravian Karst is the most famous and best developed karst area in the Czech Republic. It is located to the North from city of Brno and is formed by Devon limestone and its area is 100 km2. There are more than 1100 caves, five of them are open to public. Punkevní jeskyně (Punkva caves) are the most visited of them. The dry part leads to the bottom of the famous Macocha Abyss and from there the visitors sail back by motor boats on the underground Punkva river.
Kateřinská jeskyně (Catherine’s cave) is formed by an old part where the Main Dome is - it is the biggest cave area and the biggest underground hall open to the public in the Czech Republic, and a new part with Bambusový lesík (Bamboo Wood), a unique stalagmite formation and the Čarodějnice (Witch) formation.
The Balcarka Cave is very attractive for most of the tourists because of its full-colour stalactitic decoration at a relatively small area. It is considered to be the most interesting place in the whole area of the Moravian Karst thanks to its extraordinary speleothems, typically developed superficial karst characteristics (such as sink holes and limestone pavements), archaeological and paleontological discoveries and beauty of country. The tour was prolonged straight after the finished reconstruction and leads through the so-called “Museum” where there is an exposition of reindeer hunters.
Sloupsko-šošůvské jeskyně (Sloup – Šošůvka caves) are the largest caves open to the public in the Czech Republic. Besides corridors and domes with speleothem decoration, the visitors can visit deep gorges. Two tours also include Kůlna, a world known archaeological site.
The Výpustek cave has an interesting history. It has been well known for its labyrinth of corridors and gorges that belong to the largest in the Moravia region. Later the cave was closed to the public and was turned into an underground factory and military headquarters. The tour of the cave also includes an untraditional tour of an underground atomic defence shelter that used to be kept secret.